What is Ophthalmology in Dubai?

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Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of eye-related disorders and diseases. The field of ophthalmology has made tremendous progress over the years, with advanced technologies and innovative treatments being introduced regularly.

Additionally, ophthalmology is a highly preferred medical facility that is introduced in various clinics and hospitals to treat the patient in a good manner. From vision correction surgeries to complex eye surgeries, the ophthalmologists of Dubai are highly skilled and trained to give the best care to their patients. Here, you will learn the multiple eye treatment services that are offered by a wide range of clinics

What is Ophthalmologist?

The ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who diagnoses every condition and disorder of your eye. If you want to become an ophthalmologist, you must earn a Doctor of Medicine degree from a recognized medical school in UAE. The Dubai Health Authority requires all medical professionals to pass their licensing exam to practice in Dubai. Once you pass the DHA exam, you can register with the DHA to get your medical license. Then, you may fulfill the requirement of DHA’s continuing medical education (CME) to maintain your license.

What Conditions Does Ophthalmology Treat?

Ophthalmology refers to a wide variety of diseases and conditions related to the eyes, which includes everything from common vision issues to complex diseases. The following are just a few of the most common conditions that ophthalmologists treat:

  1. Refractive errors such as nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism are corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery (such as LASIK and PRK).
  2. Cataracts is a clouding of the lens of the eye which is treated with cataract surgery, where the cloudy lens is removed and replaced with an artificial lens.
  3. Glaucoma damages the optical nerve of the patient which is caused by increased pressure in the eye. There are treatments involved, such as medication, laser surgery, or traditional surgery to lower the pressure and prevent vision loss.
  4. Age-related macular degeneration deteriorates the macula, the part of the retina responsible for central vision. There are multiple eye treatments available, which depend on the type and severity of AMD. It includes anti-VEGF injections, laser therapy, and photodynamic therapy.
  5. Diabetic Retinopathy is also damage to the retina caused by diabetes. If you want to improve diabetic retinoplasyty, you may treat it by controlling blood sugar levels and laser therapy or injections to prevent vision loss.

What Procedure Are Required to Analyze the Ophthalmological Problem?

Ophthalmologists utilize various diagnostic procedures to assess and diagnose eye conditions. Here are a few common procedures that most people follow:

  1. Visual Acuity Test: Measures sharpness of vision at different distances.
  2. Refraction Test: Determines the type and degree of refractive error, such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism.
  3. Slit Lamp Examination: Uses a special microscope to analyze the front part of the eye, which include the eyelids, conjunctiva, cornea, iris, and lens.
  4. Fundus Examination: Examines the retina and optic nerve using an ophthalmoscope or dilated pupils.
  5. Tonometry: Measures the pressure inside the eye to diagnose glaucoma.
  6. Pachymetry: Deals with the thickness of the cornea.


  • Severe eye pain or irritation.
  • Vision loss or double vision.
  • Eye floaters, flashes of light, or halos around lights.
  • Severe headache.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Numbness or weakness on one side of the body.
  • Confusion, dizziness, or trouble talking.

Here are four common eye problems that ophthalmologists can resolve:

  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration.
  • Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)
  • Astigmatism
  • Cataracts

Poor eyesight is the version of blur pictures because when someone is affected, they watch every image in the blur form. It can be caused by various factors, which range from genetics to lifestyle habits:

  • Difficulty focusing on distant objects.
  • Unevenly shaped cornea or lens, which causes blurred vision at all distances.
  • Clouding of the lens of the eye occurs with age.
  • Damage to the optic nerve is caused by increased pressure in the eye, which leads to gradual vision loss.

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